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Auto Catalysis

In certain reactions, one of the product acts as a catalyst. In the initial stages the reaction is slow but as soon as the products come into existences the reaction rate increases. This type of phenomenon is known as auto-catalysis. Some examples are as follows,

(i) The rate of oxidation of oxalic acid by acidified potassium permanganate increases as the reaction progresses. This acceleration is due to the presence of ions which are formed during reaction. Thus ions act as auto-catalyst.

(ii) When nitric acid is poured on copper, the reaction is very slow in the beginning, gradually the reaction becomes faster due to the formation of nitrous acid during the reaction which acts as an auto-catalyst.

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