Metal Deficiency Defect By Cation Vacancy

Metal Deficiency Defect By Cation Vacancy

In this a cation is missing from its lattice site. To maintain electrical neutrality, one of the nearest metal ion acquires two positive charge. This type of defect occurs in compounds where metal can exhibit variable valency. e.g., Transition metal compounds like NiO, FeO, FeS etc.

By having extra anion occupying interstitial site: In this, an extra anion is present in the interstitial position. The extra negative charge is balanced by one extra positive charge on the adjacent metal ion. Since anions are usually larger it could not occupy an interstitial site. Thus, this structure has only a theoretical possibility. No example is known so far.


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