Lewis concept

This concept was proposed by G.N. Lewis, in 1939. According to this concept, “a base is defined as a substance which can furnish a pair of electrons to form a coordinate bond whereas an acid is a substance which can accept a pair of electrons.” The acid is also known as electron pair acceptor or electrophile while the base is electron pair donor or nucleophile.

A simple example of an acid-base is the reaction of a proton with hydroxyl ion,

Lewis concept is more general than the Bronsted Lowry concept. All Bronsted bases are also Lewis bases but all Bronsted acids are not Lewis acids. [e.g., as they are not capable of accepting a pair of electrons.

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