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Lowering of  Vapor Pressure

The pressure exerted by the vapours above the liquid surface in equilibrium with the liquid at a given temperature is called vapour pressure of the liquid. The vapour pressure of a liquid depends on,

(1)  Nature of liquid : Liquids, which have weak intermolecular forces, are volatile and have greater vapour pressure. For example, dimethyl ether has greater vapour pressure than ethyl alcohol.

(2) Temperature : Vapour pressure increases with increase in temperature. This is due to the reason that with increase in temperature more molecules of the liquid can go into vapour phase.

(3) Purity of liquid: Pure liquid always has a vapour pressure greater than  its solution.

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