Chemical Stoichiometry

Stoichiometry (pronounced “stoy-key om-e-tree”) is the calculation of the quantities of reactants and products involved in a chemical reaction. That means quantitative calculations of chemical composition and reaction are referred to as stoichiometry.

Basically, this topic involves two types of calculations.

    (a) Simple calculations (gravimetric analysis) and

    (b) More complex calculations involving concentration and volume of solutions (volumetric analysis).

There is no borderline, which can distinguish the set of laws applicable to gravimetric and volumetric analysis. All the laws used in one are equally applicable to the other i.e., mole as well as equivalent concept. But in actual practise, the problems on gravimetric involves simpler reactions, thus mole concept is convenient to apply while volumetric reactions being complex and unknown (unknown simple means that it is not known to you, as it’s not possible for you to remember all possible reactions), equivalent concept is easier to apply as it does not require the knowledge of balanced equation.

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