Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Treating Infertility
Table of Content
A good Reproductive Health is defined as the state of well-being in all matters related to reproductive system. The individuals with good reproductive health can have safe sex life as well as can reproduce effectively.
If a couple is unable to produce children even after unprotected coitus, they are said to be infertile. The statistics below explains different reasons for infertility.
Fig.1. Statistics of causes for Infertility
There are various techniques available for couple to have children. They are as follows:
- In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a method in which fertilization occurs outside the body in a condition similar to that exists in body. The baby produced by this method is known as test tube baby. In this method, ova from the mother and sperm from the father are taken and are allowed to fuse to form zygote outside the female body. This zygote is then implanted into the fallopian tube of the female.
Fig.2. In Vitro Fertilization
- Zygote intra-fallopian transfer (ZIFT) is used when there is some blockage in the fallopian tube which prevents the binding of the sperm with the egg. The zygote is placed into the fallopian tube via laparoscopy.
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a method in which sperm is injected into the egg in vitro.
- Gamete intra-fallopian tube (GIFT) is a method in which an ovum is collected from one female which can produce ova and is transferred to another female which can provide suitable conditions for the fertilization.
- Artificial insemination is the method of introducing semen into the vagina of the female. Semen can be from the husband or from any other donor that can produce healthy sperms.
Diseases which are transmitted during sexual contact are known as sexually transmitted diseases. Bacteria, viruses, parasites and yeasts are the main causative agents for sexually transmitted diseases. Some of the sexually transmitted diseases are as follows:
- Clamydia is one of the common sexually transmitted disease. It is caused by a bacterium known as Chlamydia trachomatis. The common symptoms include- abnormal discharge from vagina in females and penis in male, pain at the time of intercourse etc. Thus it affects both male and female.
- Genital herpes is another sexually transmitted disease that is caused by a virus known as Herpes simplex virus (HSV). The male or female get sores at a site where virus had entered the body.
- Gonorrhea is common among the young. It is a bacterial disease caused by a bacterium known as Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It causes pain during urination in both male and female. A pregnant woman also transmits the infection to the child during parturition. If gonorrhea is not treated properly it may leads to pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by a virus known as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It raises the risk of different infection and certain cancers. The first symptom of HIV infection are swollen glands and flu-like symptoms.
- Syphilis is also one of the sexually transmitted disease that is caused by a bacterium. The early symptoms are small, painless sore. It also causes swelling near the lymph nodes.
Sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea cause infertility. Out of these chlamydia is the most common cause of infertility in women. These diseases infect different reproductive parts of the female such as fallopian tube and the uterus. Every year more women are unable to conceive due to sexually transmitted diseases. A woman will not get pregnant during the infection of the Sexually Transmitted Disease.
Sexually transmitted diseases not only affect the women, they also target the men. It causes lower sperm count and infection in epididymis thus causing infertility in males. There is no exact time for how long chlamydia cause infertility. The early you treat the better is the chance for recovery. Similar is the case for women and men suffering from gonorrhea, there is no exact time how long gonorrhea can cause infection. But early treatment will cause further spread of the disease.
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