Types of Taxonomy

1. Alpha taxonomy or classical taxonomy: It is based on external morphology, origin and evolution of plants.

2. Beta taxonomy or Explorative taxonomy: Besides external morphology, it also includes internal characters' like embryological, cytological, anatomical characters etc.

3. Omega taxonomy or Encyclopaedic taxonomy: Omega taxonomy has widest scope. It is based on all the informations or data available about plants.

4. Cytotaxonomy: The use of cytological characters of plants in classification or in solving taxonomic problems is called cytotaxonomy. Cytological characters constitute an important aid to plant taxonomy, especially in determining affinities at the generic and infrageneric levels.

5. Chemotaxonomy: The uses of chemical characters of plants in classification or in solving taxonomic problems is called chemotaxonomy or chemical taxonomy. It is based on the chemical constitution of plants. The fragrance and taste vary from species to species.

The basic chemical compounds used in chemotaxonomy are alkaloids, carotenoids, tannins, polysaccharide, nucleic acids, fatty acids, amino acids, aromatic compounds etc.

6. Karyotaxonomy: Based on characters of nucleus and chromosomes. Pattern of chromosomal bands (dark bands and light bands) is most specific characters.


1. Anatomy

 Study of internal structure

2. Phycology or Aloglogy

 Study of Algae

3. Agrostology

 Study of grass

4. Anthology

 Study of flowers

5. Aerobiology

 Study of substances of plants, found in air.

6. Agronomy

 Study of crops plants

7. Arboriculture

 Study of culture of decorated plants,

8. Bio Chemistry

 Study of organic substances, found in living organisms

9. Biophysics physical theories

 Study of importance in metabolic reactions of different

10. Bacteriology

 Study of bacteria

11. Bryology

 Study of bryophytes

12. Biometrics

 Study related to different biotic reactions & their results.

13. Bio technology

 Study of isolation of protoplasm & their culture

14. Cytology

 Study of structure & functions of cell

15. Cecidology

 Study of diseased knots in plants

16. Dendrology

 Study of tree

17. Dendrochronology

 Study of age of trees

18. Embryology

 Study of gametes formation fertilization & formation of embryo

19. Ecology

 Study of inter relations between living organism & there a atmosphere

20. Evolution

 Study of different development process of living organism

21. Economic Botany

 Study of plants of economic importance

22. Ethenobotany

 Study of uses of plants by Tribals

23. Exobiology

 Study of presence of possible organism on other planet

24. Euphenics

 Study of control of heredity disease

25. Edaphology

 Study of organism in soil

26. Floriculture

 Study of culture of ornamental flowers

27. Foresty

 Study of forests

28. Genetics

 Study of heredity &. Variations

29. Gymnology

 Study of Gymnosperm

30. Gerentology

 Study of changes in cell with age

31. Genetic

 Study of artificial genes & their Engineering transfers

32. Histology

 Study of structure of tissues

33. Histochemistry

 Study of different chemicals found in cells & tissues.

34. Horticulture

 Study of culture of garden plant, fruits & vegetables

35. Lichenology

 Study of lichens

36. Limnology

 Study of fresh water plants

37. Karyology

 Study of Nucleus

38. Morphology

 Study of external characters of plants

39. Mycology

 Study of fungi

40. Microbiology

 Study of micro organisms

41. Mycoplasmology

 Study of mycoplasma

42. Molecular Biology

 Study of nucleic Acid (DNA & RNA)

43. Morphogenesis

 Study of development

44. Nematology

 Study of relation of plants & nematodes

45. Olericulture

 Study of culture of vegetables

46. Oncology

 Study of plant cancer

47. Physiology

 Study of biotic activity of plants

48. Paleobotany

 Study of fossil plants

49. Plant geography

 Study of distribution of plants according to different geographical zones.

50. Pteriodology

 Study of pteridophytes

51. Pedology

 Study of soil

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