Types of Taxonomy

1. Alpha taxonomy or classical taxonomy: It is based on external morphology, origin and evolution of plants.

2. Beta taxonomy or Explorative taxonomy: Besides external morphology, it also includes internal characters' like embryological, cytological, anatomical characters etc.

3. Omega taxonomy or Encyclopaedic taxonomy: Omega taxonomy has widest scope. It is based on all the informations or data available about plants.

4. Cytotaxonomy: The use of cytological characters of plants in classification or in solving taxonomic problems is called cytotaxonomy. Cytological characters constitute an important aid to plant taxonomy, especially in determining affinities at the generic and infrageneric levels.

5. Chemotaxonomy: The uses of chemical characters of plants in classification or in solving taxonomic problems is called chemotaxonomy or chemical taxonomy. It is based on the chemical constitution of plants. The fragrance and taste vary from species to species.

The basic chemical compounds used in chemotaxonomy are alkaloids, carotenoids, tannins, polysaccharide, nucleic acids, fatty acids, amino acids, aromatic compounds etc.

6. Karyotaxonomy: Based on characters of nucleus and chromosomes. Pattern of chromosomal bands (dark bands and light bands) is most specific characters.


1. Anatomy Study of internal structure
2. Phycology or Aloglogy Study of Algae
3. Agrostology Study of grass
4. Anthology Study of flowers
5. Aerobiology Study of substances of plants, found in air.
6. Agronomy Study of crops plants
7. Arboriculture Study of culture of decorated plants,
8. Bio Chemistry Study of organic substances, found in living organisms
9. Biophysics physical theories Study of importance in metabolic reactions of different
10. Bacteriology Study of bacteria
11. Bryology Study of bryophytes
12. Biometrics Study related to different biotic reactions & their results.
13. Bio technology Study of isolation of protoplasm & their culture
14. Cytology Study of structure & functions of cell
15. Cecidology Study of diseased knots in plants
16. Dendrology Study of tree
17. Dendrochronology Study of age of trees
18. Embryology

 Study of gametes formation fertilization & formation of embryo

19. Ecology Study of inter relations between living organism & there a atmosphere
20. Evolution Study of different development process of living organism
21. Economic Botany Study of plants of economic importance
22. Ethenobotany Study of uses of plants by Tribals
23. Exobiology Study of presence of possible organism on other planet
24. Euphenics Study of control of heredity disease
25. Edaphology Study of organism in soil
26. Floriculture Study of culture of ornamental flowers
27. Foresty Study of forests
28. Genetics Study of heredity &. Variations
29. Gymnology Study of Gymnosperm
30. Gerentology Study of changes in cell with age
31. Genetic Study of artificial genes & their Engineering transfers
32. Histology Study of structure of tissues
33. Histochemistry Study of different chemicals found in cells & tissues.
34. Horticulture Study of culture of garden plant, fruits & vegetables
35. Lichenology Study of lichens
36. Limnology Study of fresh water plants
37. Karyology Study of Nucleus
38. Morphology Study of external characters of plants
39. Mycology Study of fungi
40. Microbiology Study of micro organisms
41. Mycoplasmology Study of mycoplasma
42. Molecular Biology Study of nucleic Acid (DNA & RNA)
43. Morphogenesis Study of development
44. Nematology Study of relation of plants & nematodes
45. Olericulture Study of culture of vegetables
46. Oncology Study of plant cancer
47. Physiology Study of biotic activity of plants
48. Paleobotany Study of fossil plants
49. Plant geography

 Study of distribution of plants according to different geographical zones.

50. Pteriodology Study of pteridophytes
51. Pedology Study of soil

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